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We don't use this but others might.... bee warned!!

Posted on 20th Apr 2010 @ 4:24 AM

Bee research may have food safety implications say scientists...

A newly published study by scientists from the Bee Research Center at the USDA Agricultural Research Service in Tucson Arizona has found that hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), a substance toxic to bees, is produced when high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is heated. HFCS is sometimes used to feed bees, but is also commonly added to food and beverages as a sweetener in the USA.

The researchers looked at levels of HMF in samples of HFCS from different sources over a 35-day period at different temperatures. They found that levels rose at higher temperatures, and much more rapidly at 120 degrees Fahrenheit (49 degrees C) and above. HMF has been proposed as a possible contributory factor in Colony Collapse Disorder, a serious disease that has killed about a third of the US honeybee population in recent years. However, it may also be toxic to humans and has been linked to DNA damage. It also breaks down in the body to produce other toxic compounds.

The use of HFCS is controversial in the USA, where it has been linked to various health problems and proposed as a possible factor in obesity. It is little used in Europe where other sweeteners are preferred from an economic point of view.